Feeding Tubes are medical devices which are inserted in the stomach via abdomen. Some feeding tube are also inserted through the nose and are termed as Nasogastric Tube. It is used in order to supply nutrition when an individual has trouble eating. The process is also known as esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), G-tube insertion, and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). A person who is having an ongoing and grave trouble swallowing and cannot get enough amounts of food or liquids by mouth, a feeding tube is directly inserted into the stomach externally from the abdominal skin. The tube enables direct feeding into the gastrointestinal tract to occur by bypassing the mouth and esophagus (“food tube” which leads to the stomach). The placement of a feeding tube is comparatively a simplified surgery; however it is not suggested for complicated conditions. Feeding tubes have not been very efficient in every condition; they haven’t lengthened the life or the quality of life in terminally ill patients.
The treatment procedure is particularly reserved for patients who have trouble eating on their own and that is because:
- they have difficulty swallowing
- they are not getting enough nutrition through their mouth
- they are a deformed mouth or esophagus, which is the tube that links the throat with the stomach
Different types of feeding tubes:
- Nasogastric tube (NG-tube) – A small tapered tube inserted through the person’s nose, throat and down in the stomach.
- Nasojejunal tube (NJ-tube) – Same as above, just that this tube passes through the stomach into one of the upper parts of the intestine known as the jejunum.
- Gastrostomy Feeding (G-tube or peg tube) – These tubes are surgically inserted with the help of an endoscope and is recommended for patients with prolonged illness.
- Gastrostomy-Jejunostomy or GJ-tube (Transgastric-Jejunal or TJ tube) – This tube is surgically introduced into the stomach but has an attachment which bypasses the stomach and down into the jejunum.
- Jejunostomy or J-tube – This tube is surgically incised in the abdomen wall, but the stomach is bypassed all together and directly linked into the jejunum.
The feeding tubes market is gaining more popularity because of the increasing number of elderly population in the world who will eventually need a feeding tube during many GI surgeries or illnesses.