Pain management is an advancement made to ease the pain and to enhance the quality of life for people who are dealing with severe pain. The conventional pain management group consists of clinical psychologists, physicians, pharmacists, therapists, nurses and other medical practitioners. At times, pain is resolved swiftly as the trauma causing the pain is healed. The management of pain can be effective with suitable team of management and adequate efforts.
There can be various causes for pain and it can have numerous treatments. There are several kinds of pain management techniques, each with their own advantages, disadvantagesand restrictions. Communication is said to be one of the most common challenges in pain management. The description of the pain that is being experienced, the intensity of the pain and to recognize the pain can prove to be difficult for some people at times causing unclear communication between the healthcare providers and the patient. There is a constant risk of taking inadequate treatment in pain management for patients and also taking treatments that may lead to other side effects. Certain treatments can be harmful if they are overused. The primary role of pain management is to address the pain of the patient and provide suitable and adequate treatment to soothe the pain.
Physical Rehabilitation and Medicine - Physical rehabilitation and medicine adopts various physical methods such as electrotherapy, behavioral therapy, thermal agents and conventional pharmacotherapy for treatment of the pain, commonly as a component of multidisciplinary agenda.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) - Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is commonly used for diabetic neuropathy and is also considered for acute musculoskeletal condition below the gate control theory. Studies suggest that TENS therapy can provide significant results if given twice a week.
Acupuncture is the use of needles that are inserted in definite points of the body to soothe pain for therapeutic functions. According to the followers of acupuncture, it is said that acupuncture balances the energy of the body and restores it through stimulation of channels of energy which are known as meridians. It is said that acupuncture soothes pain by generating endorphins that are said to be natural painkillers.
A study in 2013 suggested that hypnosis is effective for reducing pain, however, it is useful only a few conditions. Additional evidence is required to see the effects of hypnosis on acute pain.
The interventional techniques of pain management which is usually beneficial for severe back pain include stimulators of spinal cord, facet joint injections, neurolytic blocks and epidural steroid injections. A spinal cord stimulator is an electric device that can be implanted and provides a tingling sensation that stimulates the back and eases the pain.