Maltodextrin finds applications in the form of a food additive. It is a polysaccharide and is formed by the partial hydrolysis of starch. It is generally used as a spray-dried powder which is white in color and hygroscopic in nature. It can be easily digested by the body and is absorbed very quickly in the form of glucose. It is either flavorless or slightly sweet in taste. It is usually utilized in the manufacture of candy and soft drinks. It is also used as an ingredient in a number of processed foods. It also lists for other uses apart from its usage in food products.
Market for maltodextrin
The Asia Pacific market for maltodextrin is expected to grow at a significant compound annual growth rate (CAGR) during the forecast period of 2017-2020. The growing demand for food additives has proved to be the market driving factor for this. The consumers are anticipated to decrease the intake of GMO derived starch which will lead to the expansion of the market industry for maltodextrin.
More information about maltodextrin
Maltodextrin is basically utilized as a filler, thickener and preservative in a number of preserved food items. It is manufactured artificially. It is in the powder form, white in color. It is obtained enzymatically from starch which is derived from potato, corn, rice or wheat, generally. Even though this product is obtained from natural foods, it undergoes intense processing before coming out as a product. The starch utilized is passed through partial hydrolysis which involves the usage of enzymes, water and acids which are responsible for breaking down the present starch and form the white powder which is water soluble. When this white powder is mixed with a food, it causes thickening of the food, avoids crystallization and assists in the binding of ingredients. The common use of maltodextrin as a thickener and filler required to add to the volume of processed food products such as sauces, meal replacement shakes, jerky, instant gelatins and puddings, yogurts, salad dressings, potato chips, nutrition bars, baked goods and sugar free sweeteners for example Splenda. Generally tapioca maltodextrin is involved in the production of powders due to its ability of absorbing and thickening of fats. It covers up the oil and keeps it with the powder till it meets water. It is found that carbohydrate powder which comes as maltodextrin is usable and safe to young athletes who are healthy and use this product for the re-synthesis of glycogen after exercises, provided they possess adequate metabolism for glucose.
Maltodextrin is widely used today due to it utilities. However, the consumer should learn about the harmful effects of this product before considering it as an option.