Bone Marrow TransplantIntroduction

Bone marrow transplant is a procedure which is carried out with a motive of replacement of the bone marrow in an individual when the bone marrow of the client has been affected by an infection, a disease or chemotherapy, leading to its damage or destruction. The fatty, spongy tissue within the bones is termed as the bone marrow. This plays a wide range of vital roles for the body which include immunity against infection, circulation of oxygen and nutrients within the body, formation of clots in, give rise to new blood cells throughout the lifetime of an individual and replacement of damaged stem cells. The procedure of bone marrow transplant takes together the transplantation of stem cells of the blood which move to reach the bone marrow. Here they involve in the formation of new blood cells and facilitate the development of new marrow.

Market trends for bone marrow transplant

The Global Market For Bone Marrow Transplant is expected to increase at a substantial compound annual growth rate (CAGR) during the forecast period of 2015-2021. The growing number incidence of anemia and cancer has been the market driving factor for this. The introduction of developing techniques in the medical field, growing infrastructure for healthcare, increasing demands for bone marrow transplant in cases of neuronal and heart issues, increasing awareness and medical expenditure have added to the growth of the market industry for bone marrow transplant.

The cause and effect relationship that bone marrow transplant has:

There are a number of reasons which bring in the need for bone marrow transplant. Bone marrow transplant is used in the correction of conditions like aplastic anemia, cancers which include lymphoma, multiple myeloma and leukemia, damage to the bone caused by chemotherapy, congenital neutropenia, sickle cell anemia and thalassemia. This procedure also has many side effects associated with it. These side effects may be short lived or persisting for prolonged times. An individual having undergone a bone marrow transplant may experience headache, shortness of breath, a fall in blood pressure, nausea, fever, chills and pain on a short term basis. Apart from these short lived effects, a client might also face mild or serious complications post a bone marrow transplant. These complications include graft failure, graft-versus-host –disease (GVHD), cataracts, bleeding in the brain, lungs and other body parts, early menopause, anemia, mucositis, infections, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

Conclusion

Bone marrow transplant has come up as an emerging tool of medical field in the recent times. It has been extensively utilized in the treatment of large number of conditions. The results have proved to meet the expectations which have hence added to the growth of this product in the market.

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