Opioids are a class of drugs which are used to relieve pain by their action on the nervous system. These drugs show their effect by their interaction with the opioid receptors which are present on nerve cells in the body. These can be helpful in relieving pain and can be used as prescribed medications for short duration of time. Since these drugs give rise to a state of euphoria, therefore are often abused by when taken in large quantities or for prolong duration of time. Some examples of these drugs include fentanyl which is a synthetic opioid, hydrocodone (Vicodin), codeine, oxycodone (OxyContin), morphine, etc., which are prescribed legally, and they very known and abused illegal drug heroin.

Market trends for opioids

The Global Market For Opioids is expected to increase at a constant compound annual growth rate (CAGR) during the forecast period. The global market survey suggests that the revenue for opioids market was valued at USD 34,880.0 million in 2015and is expected to garner maximum market share during the forecast period.The growing demand for these drugs in cases like increasing number of geriatric clients who are suffering from terminal conditions, in pain management for non-cancer populations, growing healthcare expenditure and the usage of non-prescribed, uncontrollable opioids are the market driving factors for this. The applications of these drugs in numerous branches of medicine have proved to fuel the expansion of the opioid market industry.

Further details about opioids

The drugs categorized under opioids have played an important role in the treatment of pain. These are effective in treating chronic pain which is not malignant such as post herpetic neuralgia, low back pain and painful peripheral neuropathy. These do not just counteract unpleasantness of the pain but are capable of providing direct analgesic actions. The peripheral tissues have opioid receptors present on them which are activated due to inflammation. Opioids are also applicable in treating chronic inflammatory diseases, for example connective tissue disorders and rheumatoid arthritis. Apart from the efficacies that opioids hold in the treatment of a number of medical conditions, there are also risks associated with their usage.  The administration of these drugs might give rise to dependency in many cases. An important risk is the addiction towards these drugs which has stood as a major concern in the world today.

Conclusion

Opioids carry a significant role in the medical field owing to its ability to treat many disorders. At the same time, it also has risk potential which could be harmful. Thus, these drugs should be used on prescription and the consumer should follow the directives as required.  These should be utilized for the benefits keeping the risks in mind.

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