Natural gas is one of most extensively used sources of energy today. This energy source needs to be processed accordingly before utilization. The process of natural gas treatment forms the bridge between the production of natural gas and its transportation into the market. The natural gas is passed through a sequence of processes in order to make it appropriate for reaching the public for usage. The raw natural gas is cleaned during the treatment by the separation of present impurities such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, hydrogen sulfide, hydrates, nitrogen and various organic compounds which include non-methane, heavier hydrocarbons such as ethane, propane, butane, pentane and fluids. The natural gas obtained after this particular treatment is termed as pipeline quality dry natural gas. The natural gas which finally reaches the consumers, after undergoing the process of treatment, is composed of almost pure methane.
Market for natural gas treatment
The Global Market For Natural Gas treatment is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.9% during the forecast period of 2016-2021. The market driving factor for natural gas treatment industry is the falling prices of natural gas and demand for constant electricity. Along with this, the growth in the market industry of natural gas treatment is attributed to the property of natural gas of low emission levels in comparison to other fossil fuels.
Advantages and Disadvantages of natural gas treatment:
The treatment of natural gas provides a cheap as well as abundant source of energy.
Treated natural gas is used to provide peaking power. This assists in providing electricity in case of high demand.
The treatment of natural gas makes it easy to be transported. Natural gas is processed into a form which can be easily transported through pipelines to reach out to the consumers.
The process of treating natural gas causes environmental pollution. This is caused the portion of natural gas which escapes during treatment, goes to air and water resources, thus polluting them.
The treatment of natural gas adds to the greenhouse effect. When natural gas is treated, impurities like carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and water vapor which are the greenhouse gases, reach the atmosphere, hence leading to increased greenhouse effect.
The increasing utilization of treated natural gas in slowly resulting in the depletion of a non-renewable energy source.
Owing to the positive aspects natural gas has exhibited in the recent years, the demand for natural gas is increasing day by day. This has resulted in massive treatment of the same, in order to meet the demands. However, excess of nothing is good. Likewise, natural gas needs to be utilized wisely now before its too late to realize.