What is a Retractor?
A retractor generally implies a simple metal tool, with a curved hook and a grip on the other hand. They might keep their position without support, they might be hand held or fitted on a robotic arm but they all serve the same function that is to hold the required mass of tissue or organ at place.
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A surgical retractor is an instrument used in surgery which the surgeons use to part the edges of a wound or keeping the cut made for an operation open. It can also be used for holding some of the organs or a mass of tissues aside for reaching through to the organ being operated. They come in various shapes and sizes.
Market for Retractors
The market industry for retractors is quite large in various surgeries like cosmetic surgery, cardiothoracic surgery,gastrointestinal surgery, gynecological surgery, urological surgery, etc. a wide variety of retractors are used. Each uniquely designed for a different function. The market for minimally invasive instruments like the retractor is expected to reach USD 21.47 Billion by 2021 from the current USD 13.89 Billion.
The market driving factor for the retractors is, it being a minimally invasive tool is preferred by patients and surgeons both, over open surgeries. Market for retractors and potential customers include surgeons, research institutes, market researchers, etc.
Types and Uses of Retractors
As mentioned above, the uses of retractors mainly include holding back or parting the edges of a wound and for this purpose it is used in various surgeries of different body parts or organs. But for each of these operations, the shape and size of the retractor might vary. Some of the retractors are described below:
- Langenback’s Retractor: Retractors of these kind are most helpful for retracting wound’s edges.
- S shapedRetractor: Used in laparoscopic surgery, though it has an S shape, both the ends have a different curve.
- Army PatternRetractor: Double end retractor used to keep the wound open by parting its edges.
- Deaver’sRetractor: Used mainly as an abdominal retractor, it is curved in shape.
- Fritsch’sRetractor: Mainly designed to use on the body wall, it is also curved.
- Cat’s paw: Double ended retractor for small and delicate wounds.
- St. MarksRetractor: Right angled pelvic retractor, lipped. Used generally in a deep pelvic surgery.
- Skin hooks: Used for skin retraction, in plastic surgery.
- Kelly’sRetractor: Right angled pelvic retractor, curved.
- Scapula: Used during a thoracotomy.
- Copper malleableRetractor: It is malleable, so as to be shaped as desired.
- LungRetractor: It is used for lung retraction.
- Rakes: Provide skin retraction with their 3-6 teeth.
Apart from these there are various other retractors available the handheld ones include Ragnell Retractor, Blair Retractor, Lahey Retractor, Senn Retractor, etc. And some of the self-retaining retractors are Lone star retractor, Gutow Retractor, Beckman Retractor, etc.