There is a broad consensus among health care practitioners, managers, hospital administrators, nurses, executives, and paramedical staff that information technology will play a big part in diagnosis, management, treatment and monitoring of patients. With more and more hospitals going digital, wide availability and accessibility of internet, increasing stress on safety and quality of care, need for accreditation , increased information available with patients, information systems are being implemented at various levels of care . Advances in computer science, signal processing, biomedical engineering, and mathematics are being utilized in designing better care systems for patients. The Critical Care Information System (CCIS) is a comprehensive real time system of collecting, storage and retrieval of data on critical care, utilization of critical care services, bed availability, and quality of care and treatment outcomes for critically ill patients. The system helps in managing and monitoring the resources available and presents opportunities for quality improvement initiatives across hospitals. The system helps the caregivers in spending less time on documentation and hence gives more time to care giving of patient. Along with adult critical care data, pediatric care data is sometimes inculcated into the system.
The development of application of information technology and EMR in critical care areas of hospitals began with Problem Oriented Medical Record (POMR) at the University of Vermont; Health Evaluation through Logical Processing (HELP) at the Utah University; The Medical Record (TMR) at Duke University; Regenstrief Medical Record System (RMRS) in Indiana; and the Computer Stored Ambulatory Record (COSTAR) at Harvard Medical Center. COSTAR was programmed with MUPMS (Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming System), which is a computer language better designed for medical data than COBOL and FORTAN. MUMPS was later adopted by the Department of Veterans Affairs. IBM, Hewlett-Packard, GE HealthCare, Philips Healthcare, etc took over after that and has been designing the best critical care information systems which are still evolving with the day.
Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.