Leukemia is a cancer associated with the bone marrow or the blood, typically observed in white blood cell (WBC) in the body. An individual who is diagnosed with leukemia suffers from an irregular production of blood cells, usually leukocytes. There is often confusion between leukemia and lymphoma; well, leukemia is blood cancer and lymphoma is cancer of the lymph glands. There are several types of leukemia, out of which some types are common in adults while some are common in children. The human white blood cells are potential infection fighters; they usually develop and divide in a systematic way, the way the body requires. However, in patients suffering from leukemia, the bone marrow generates abnormal amount of white blood cells, which does not function in desired manner. The DNA juvenile blood cells, primarily white cells, is ruptured and damaged in a certain way; and this abnormally damaged white cells result in the blood cells to grow in a chaotic manner. In a healthy person, the normal blood cells perish post new cells get replaced that are generated in the bone marrow. In the case of leukemia, the abnormal blood cells do not die easily and gets gathered and thereby clustering and taking up more space. When the excess space is occupied by the damaged blood cells, the normal cells have difficulty in fitting in the clustered space. The leukemia therapeutics market comprises of diseases like chronic lymphocytic leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, and acute myeloid leukemia.
The several treatments for leukemia can be intricate, based on the kind of leukemia and several other elements. However, there are resources and planning which can assist in making a patient’s treatment successful. The crucial aim of leukemia therapeutics is to kill the diseased cells and enable the normal and healthy cells to develop in the bone marrow. Cancer specialists decide the leukemia treatment options depending on the age and overall health of the patient. Some of the common leukemia therapeutics has been mentioned below.
Chemotherapy – One of the most important treatments for leukemia. This particular drug treatment makes use of chemicals to destroy leukemia cells. Contingent upon the kind of leukemia a patient has, he or she might receive a combination of a few drugs or just a single drug. Chemotherapy drugs come in a pill form, or they are injected in a vein.
Targeted Therapy – This specific therapy makes use of medicinal drugs which assail and approach particular susceptible inside the cancer cells. For instance, the drug called imatinib, obstructs the protein action inside the diseased leukemia cells of patients suffering from myelogenous leukemia.
Biological Therapy – This therapy functions by making use of treatments which help in making the immune system determine and attack the cancer cells.
Stem Cell Transplant – This method substitutes the diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow. Prior to undergoing a stem cell transplant, a patient will be given extreme doses of radiation therapy or chemotherapy, in order to entirely kill the infected bone marrow. Once that is done, the patient receives infusion of blood-forming stem cells which assist in rebuilding the bone marrow.
Radiation therapy – Radiation therapy makes use of X-rays and many high energy beams to kill leukemia cells and obstruct the growth. In radiation therapy, a patient is made to lie on a table while huge machine moves around you, aiming the radiation to exact points on the body.
Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.