Constipation is characterized as lessened frequency of passing stool, i.e., less than thrice a week or difficulty in passing stools, or sometimes both. The prevalence of three times in each week differs for every individual. For certain individuals this might be normaland any kind of change in this schedule might be considered as constipation. Having great difficulty in passing stools which include incomplete bowel movements, straining the body, and/or feeling dissatisfied after passing stool, passing lumpy stools and a stretched time interval between two bowel movements. In extreme cases, there might be a necessity to remove hardened stool manually and there are chances of bleeding and injury of the tissues that surround the anus which passes the stool. Chronic Idiopathic Constipation (CIC) is termed as the chronic presence of all of the above-mentioned symptoms. Every individual goes through constipation at least once in their entire lifespan. However, if the constipation is prolonged or recurring, it might be chronic. Chronic constipation without any apparent identifiable reason is termed as Chronic Idiopathic Constipation. The term ‘idiopathic’ refers to cause unknown.According to a study done on Chronic Idiopathic Constipation (CIC) drugs market, approximately 35 million adults in the United States might suffer from CIC. If the present symptoms of the constipation are all of a sudden or just for temporary time it may just be occasional constipation. Whereas, if the symptoms keep coming back, it might be chronic.If an person is having extreme difficulty or irregular bowel movements, he or she might be suffering from Chronic Idiopathic Constipation and must consult your doctor.
A few symptoms that indicate chronic idiopathic constipation:
- Difficulty is passing stools
- Lumpy stools
- Excess strain while defecating
- Dissatisfied post passing stool
- Abdominal discomfort and bloating
- Abdominal pain
- Excessive flatulence
- Decreased physical functioning
- Poor quality of life and perception of health
Treatment for Chronic Idiopathic Constipation
There is no particular treatment for CIC, however there are several treatment options which a healthcare expert might suggest:
Laxatives– there are many kinds of laxatives which can give temporary relief from the constipation by elevating the fluid levels inside the large intestines by osmotic laxatives or by stimulating the bowel movements by stimulant laxatives.
Dietary fibre–Healthcare experts advice consuming more quantity of dietary fibre which assists in softening the stool and thereby makes them easier to pass.One must make sure to increase dietary fibre slowly and give body the time to adjust. Sudden increase in dietary fibre could result in symptoms of bloating and gas. One can increase the intake of dietary fibre by naturally available foods of by using fibre supplement.
Medicinal Drugs–there are various medications which are prescribed depending upon the condition of the patient:
- Trulance (plecanatide)
Biofeedback–if a healthcare expert has concluded that an individual’s chronic idiopathic constipation id due to dyssynergic defecation, i.e., pelvic floor dysfunction, then he or she might suggest trying biofeedback. This particular treatment has been of great help in enhancing the muscle coordination of the pelvic floor which are involved in the process of having healthy bowel movement.
Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.