Cosmetics, also termed as make-up,are not a current innovation, for more than thousands of years we have used several products to change the appearances or highlight the features. Presently, cosmetics market is a humongous business across the world, and most of them are primarily fabricated for use of applying to the face and hair. Cosmetics include beauty preparations such as skin cream, rouge, foundation, nail enamel, etc., and grooming products such as shaving cream, soap, deodorant, shampoo, etc. In general, cosmetics as a group of products have several distinctive meanings. With respect to regulatory division, the board definition set down by the U.S. FDA, defines ‘any material’ that is proposed for addition into a cosmetic product as a cosmetic ingredient. A cosmetic product in other words can be defined as, proposed for application to a human body for the purpose on cleansing, beautifying, boosting attractiveness, and/or changing the outer appearance without disturbing the overall body’s functioning and structure.
Ingredients involved in Cosmetics
A wide assortment of inorganic and organic compounds consists of typical cosmetics. Distinctively, organic compounds are reformed natural blends of oils and fats along with an assortment of agents that are derived petro-chemically. Inorganic compounds are minerals that are processed like talc, zinc oxide, and iron oxides. The oxides which are derived from iron and zinc are categorized as pigments. Cosmetics are usually mixtures of skin-friendly chemical compounds; either gained from natural sources or synthetics. A few of the common cosmetics are eye shadow, lipstick, rouge, mascara, skin cleansers, hair styling gels, hair sprays, perfumes, cologne, etc.
There are numerous amounts of technologies involved in the research and development of cosmetics. These enhanced technologies are used in the fabrication of organic and natural; personal care, body, hair and household cleaning products that include – crystallization technology, granulation technology, aerosol technology, nanotechnology, particle coating and suspension, dispersion rheology technology, powdering technology, and so on. Though cosmetics are fun to use, it is the science behind making them involves serious, superiorly enhanced science. For instance, to develop a sunscreen with high SPF value, it can probably take up to five years and a complete team of scientists. A few will work on synthesising the active molecule, while some on the formulation and a few on the safety standards and efficiency levels. Besides creating pioneering products, the cosmetic industry also makes use of science to challenge broader issues, like as the environmental influence of creating products.