Prebiotics are a specialized type of non-digestible plant fiber compound which constructively nourishes good bacteria that are already present in the large bowel or colon. Similar to high-fiber foods, prebiotic fiber foods which include garlic, jicama, dandelion greens and onions, and Jerusalem artichokes, simply pass through the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract and stay undigested, because the human body cannot fully break them down. Then they pass through the small intestine, they reach the colon, where the gut microflora ferments them. The probiotics introduce good bacteria into the gut, whereas prebiotics behave as a fertilizer for the already present good bacteria. They support the growth of good bacteria, and thereby enhancing the good-to-bad bacteria ratio; and this ratio has a direct connection with the health and overall wellbeing, especially from the stomach and the brain. Prebiotic fibers are non-digestible carbohydrates which act as food for probiotics. When both these compounds i.e., prebiotic and probiotic are combined, they form a symbiotic.Dairy products which are fermented, such as kefir or yogurt, are believed to be symbiotic since they comprise of live bacteria and the life they require to thrive.
Prebiotics are pre-eminently known as “oligosaccharides”, presently, when researchers refer to the term fiber, it’s not just one single substance, but a bunch of different chemical compounds found in several foods, which includes oligosaccharides (prebiotics), fructo-oligosaccharides, insulin and polysaccharides.Prebiotic supplements give a variety of vital benefits, not only to the lower gut health but to overall wellbeing as well. Several surveys on prebiotic fiber market states that according to science there are proven health benefits of prebiotics which include bone density, controlled weight and appetite, strong immune system, and bettered bowel regularity.Earlier, prebiotics were not classified as fiber compounds; however until recently research has shown us that these compounds behave in a similar way as several other forms of fiber. Prebiotic fibers also improve mineral absorption and helps in the regulation of hormone production, which eventually has a wide range of necessary benefits. Prebiotics enrich the good bacteria as they stifle production of the bad, and prebiotic fiber is self-sufficiently shown to cause the multiplication of beneficial bacteria which fight gut dysbiosis.