Ostomy is a prosthetic medical device which renders a way to accumulate all the waste from a surgically diverted biological system and the creation of a stoma. In simple terms, it is a surgically created opening connecting an internal organ to the surface of the body. Ostomy treats a few diseases of the digestive or urinary systems. It can be in few cases permanent, when an organ must be removed; whereas it can be temporary, when the organ needs time to heal. Pouching systems generally comprises of a collection pouch plastic bag, which is termed as a one-piece systems. In certain instance it involves a mounting plate, commonly known as a flange, wafer or a baseplate, along with the collection pouch which is attached mechanically or with an adhesive in an airtight seal, and this is known as a two-piece system. Moreover, the choice of systems alters depending upon the individuals and is more often than not based on personal preference and lifestyle of the patient who requires it. The pouching system lets the stoma drain into a sealed collection pouch, at the same time safeguarding the skin from any kind of contamination. Temporary ostomies can be reversed with very minimum or no loss of intestinal function. Permanent ostomies are required when any disease and/or its treatment, damage the intestine’s normal function or when the muscles that curb elimination fail to work efficiently or need removal. The prime and common causes of such conditions are rectal cancer and sometimes anal cancer.
Different types of Ostomy
According to a research conducted on the ostomy products market, there are three main types of ostomy procedures and the organs to which the ostomy is attached can vary depending on the requirement such as colon, rectum, small intestine, or bladder.
Ileostomy – the base of the small intestine, i.e., ileum, is attached to the stoma. It is the most common type of ostomy and it bypasses the colon, rectum and anus.
Colostomy – the colon is directly linked and attached to the stoma, and this method bypasses the rectum and anus.
Urostomy – the tubes which carry urine to the bladder are directly attached to the stoma, and this bypasses the bladder.