Europe Powertrain Market Report 2016

Published Date : 2016-10-31

Published By : Qy Research Groups

Category : Automotive

No. of Pages : 109

Notes:
Sales, means the sales volume of Powertrain
Revenue, means the sales value of Powertrain

This report studies sales (consumption) of Powertrain in Europe market, especially in Germany, UK, France, Russia, Italy, Benelux and Spain, focuses on top players in these countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these Countries, covering
Aisin Seiki
ZF Friedrichshafen
GKN PLC
Borgwarner
American Axle and Manufacturing
Jtekt Corporation
Volkswagen
Toyota Motor Corporation
General Motors
Ford Motor
Hyundai Motor
Continental
Denso
Magna Powertrain
Federal Mogul
FPT Industrial
Eldor Corporation

Market Segment by Countries, this report splits Europe into several key Countries, with sales (consumption), revenue, market share and growth rate of Powertrain in these countries, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like
Germany
France
UK
Russia
Italy
Spain
Benelux

Split by product type, with sales, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into
Type I
Type II
Type III
Split by application, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Powertrain in each application, can be divided into
Application 1
Application 2
Application 3

Table of Contents



Europe Powertrain Market Report 2016

1 Powertrain Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Powertrain

1.2 Classification of Powertrain

1.2.1 Type I

1.2.2 Type II

1.2.3 Type III

1.3 Application of Powertrain

1.3.1 Application 1

1.3.2 Application 2

1.3.3 Application 3

1.4 Powertrain Market by Countries

1.4.1 Germany Status and Prospect (2011-2021)

1.4.2 France Status and Prospect (2011-2021)

1.4.3 UK Status and Prospect (2011-2021)

1.4.4 Russia Status and Prospect (2011-2021)

1.4.5 Italy Status and Prospect (2011-2021)

1.4.6 Spain Status and Prospect (2011-2021)

1.4.7 Benelux Status and Prospect (2011-2021)

1.5 Europe Market Size (Value and Volume) of Powertrain (2011-2021)

1.5.1 Europe Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)

1.5.2 Europe Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)



2 Europe Powertrain by Manufacturers, Type and Application

2.1 Europe Powertrain Market Competition by Manufacturers

2.1.1 Europe Powertrain Sales and Market Share of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

2.1.2 Europe Powertrain Revenue and Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

2.2 Europe Powertrain (Volume and Value) by Type

2.2.1 Europe Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)

2.2.2 Europe Powertrain Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)

2.3 Europe Powertrain (Volume and Value) by Countries

2.3.1 Europe Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Countries (2011-2016)

2.3.2 Europe Powertrain Revenue and Market Share by Countries (2011-2016)

2.4 Europe Powertrain (Volume) by Application



3 Germany Powertrain (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

3.1 Germany Powertrain Sales and Value (2011-2016)

3.1.1 Germany Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

3.1.2 Germany Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

3.1.3 Germany Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

3.2 Germany Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers

3.3 Germany Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Type

3.4 Germany Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Application



4 France Powertrain (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

4.1 France Powertrain Sales and Value (2011-2016)

4.1.1 France Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

4.1.2 France Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

4.1.4 France Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

4.2 France Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers

4.3 France Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Type

4.4 France Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Application



5 UK Powertrain (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

5.1 UK Powertrain Sales and Value (2011-2016)

5.1.1 UK Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

5.1.2 UK Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

5.1.5 UK Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

5.2 UK Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers

5.3 UK Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Type

5.4 UK Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Application



6 Russia Powertrain (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

6.1 Russia Powertrain Sales and Value (2011-2016)

6.1.1 Russia Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

6.1.2 Russia Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

6.1.6 Russia Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

6.2 Russia Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers

6.3 Russia Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Type

6.4 Russia Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Application



7 Italy Powertrain (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

7.1 Italy Powertrain Sales and Value (2011-2016)

7.1.1 Italy Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

7.1.2 Italy Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

7.1.7 Italy Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

7.2 Italy Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers

7.3 Italy Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Type

7.4 Italy Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Application



8 Spain Powertrain (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

8.1 Spain Powertrain Sales and Value (2011-2016)

8.1.1 Spain Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

8.1.2 Spain Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

8.1.8 Spain Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

8.2 Spain Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers

8.3 Spain Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Type

8.4 Spain Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Application



9 Benelux Powertrain (Volume, Value and Sales Price)

9.1 Benelux Powertrain Sales and Value (2011-2016)

9.1.1 Benelux Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

9.1.2 Benelux Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

9.1.9 Benelux Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

9.2 Benelux Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Manufacturers

9.3 Benelux Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Type

9.4 Benelux Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Application



10 Europe Powertrain Manufacturers Analysis

10.1 Aisin Seiki

10.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.1.2 Powertrain Product Type, Application and Specification

10.1.2.1 Type I

10.1.2.2 Type II

10.1.3 Aisin Seiki Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

10.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.2 ZF Friedrichshafen

10.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.2.2 Powertrain Product Type, Application and Specification

10.2.2.1 Type I

10.2.2.2 Type II

10.2.3 ZF Friedrichshafen Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

10.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.3 GKN PLC

10.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.3.2 Powertrain Product Type, Application and Specification

10.3.2.1 Type I

10.3.2.2 Type II

10.3.3 GKN PLC Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

10.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.4 Borgwarner

10.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.4.2 Powertrain Product Type, Application and Specification

10.4.2.1 Type I

10.4.2.2 Type II

10.4.3 Borgwarner Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

10.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.5 American Axle and Manufacturing

10.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.5.2 Powertrain Product Type, Application and Specification

10.5.2.1 Type I

10.5.2.2 Type II

10.5.3 American Axle and Manufacturing Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

10.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.6 Jtekt Corporation

10.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.6.2 Powertrain Product Type, Application and Specification

10.6.2.1 Type I

10.6.2.2 Type II

10.6.3 Jtekt Corporation Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

10.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.7 Volkswagen

10.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.7.2 Powertrain Product Type, Application and Specification

10.7.2.1 Type I

10.7.2.2 Type II

10.7.3 Volkswagen Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

10.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.8 Toyota Motor Corporation

10.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.8.2 Powertrain Product Type, Application and Specification

10.8.2.1 Type I

10.8.2.2 Type II

10.8.3 Toyota Motor Corporation Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

10.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.9 General Motors

10.9.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.9.2 Powertrain Product Type, Application and Specification

10.9.2.1 Type I

10.9.2.2 Type II

10.9.3 General Motors Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

10.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.10 Ford Motor

10.10.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors

10.10.2 Powertrain Product Type, Application and Specification

10.10.2.1 Type I

10.10.2.2 Type II

10.10.3 Ford Motor Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

10.10.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10.11 Hyundai Motor

10.12 Continental

10.13 Denso

10.14 Magna Powertrain

10.15 Federal Mogul

10.16 FPT Industrial

10.17 Eldor Corporation



11 Powertrain Manufacturing Cost Analysis

11.1 Powertrain Key Raw Materials Analysis

11.1.1 Key Raw Materials

11.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials

11.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials

11.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials

11.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

11.2.1 Raw Materials

11.2.2 Labor Cost

11.2.3 Manufacturing Expenses

11.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Powertrain



12 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

12.1 Powertrain Industrial Chain Analysis

12.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing

12.3 Raw Materials Sources of Powertrain Major Manufacturers in 2015

12.4 Downstream Buyers



13 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

13.1 Marketing Channel

13.1.1 Direct Marketing

13.1.2 Indirect Marketing

13.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend

13.2 Market Positioning

13.2.1 Pricing Strategy

13.2.2 Brand Strategy

13.2.3 Target Client

13.3 Distributors/Traders List



14 Europe Powertrain Market Forecast (2016-2021)

14.1 Germany Powertrain Sales Forecast (2016-2021)

14.2 France Powertrain Sales Forecast (2016-2021)

14.3 UK Powertrain Sales Forecast (2016-2021)

14.4 Russia Powertrain Sales Forecast (2016-2021)

14.5 Italy Powertrain Sales Forecast (2016-2021)

14.6 Spain Powertrain Sales Forecast (2016-2021)

14.7 Benelux Powertrain Sales Forecast (2016-2021)

14.8 Europe Powertrain Sales Forecast by Type (2016-2021)

14.9 Europe Powertrain Sales Forecast by Application (2016-2021)



15 Research Findings and Conclusion



16 Appendix

Author List

Disclosure Section

Research Methodology

Data Source

Disclaimer






List of Tables and Figures



Figure Picture of Powertrain

Table Classification of Powertrain

Figure Europe Sales Market Share of Powertrain by Type in 2015

Figure Type I Picture

Figure Type II Picture

Table Application of Powertrain

Figure Europe Sales Market Share of Powertrain by Application in 2015

Figure Application 1 Examples

Figure Application 2 Examples

Figure Germany Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)

Figure France Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)

Figure UK Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)

Figure Russia Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)

Figure Italy Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)

Figure Spain Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)

Figure Benelux Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)

Figure Europe Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021)

Figure Europe Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021)

Table Europe Powertrain Sales of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Europe Powertrain Sales Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Figure 2015 Powertrain Sales Share by Manufacturers

Figure 2016 Powertrain Sales Share by Manufacturers

Table Europe Powertrain Revenue by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Europe Powertrain Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table 2015 Europe Powertrain Revenue Share by Manufacturers

Table 2016 Europe Powertrain Revenue Share by Manufacturers

Table Europe Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)

Table Europe Powertrain Sales Share by Type (2011-2016)

Figure Sales Market Share of Powertrain by Type (2011-2016)

Figure Europe Powertrain Sales Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)

Table Europe Powertrain Revenue and Market Share by Type (2011-2016)

Table Europe Powertrain Revenue Share by Type (2011-2016)

Figure Revenue Market Share of Powertrain by Type (2011-2016)

Figure Europe Powertrain Revenue Growth Rate by Type (2011-2016)

Table Europe Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Countries (2011-2016)

Table Europe Powertrain Sales Share by Countries (2011-2016)

Figure Sales Market Share of Powertrain by Countries (2011-2016)

Table Europe Powertrain Revenue and Market Share by Countries (2011-2016)

Table Europe Powertrain Revenue Share by Countries (2011-2016)

Figure Revenue Market Share of Powertrain by Countries (2011-2016)

Table Europe Powertrain Sales and Market Share by Application (2011-2016)

Table Europe Powertrain Sales Share by Application (2011-2016)

Figure Sales Market Share of Powertrain by Application (2011-2016)

Figure Germany Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure Germany Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure Germany Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

Table Germany Powertrain Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Germany Powertrain Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Germany Powertrain Sales by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table Germany Powertrain Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table Germany Powertrain Sales by Application (2015 and 2016)

Table Germany Powertrain Market Share by Application (2015 and 2016)

Figure France Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure France Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure France Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

Table France Powertrain Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table France Powertrain Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table France Powertrain Sales by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table France Powertrain Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table France Powertrain Sales by Application (2015 and 2016)

Table France Powertrain Market Share by Application (2015 and 2016)

Figure UK Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure UK Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure UK Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

Table UK Powertrain Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table UK Powertrain Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table UK Powertrain Sales by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table UK Powertrain Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table UK Powertrain Sales by Application (2015 and 2016)

Table UK Powertrain Market Share by Application (2015 and 2016)

Figure Russia Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure Russia Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure Russia Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

Table Russia Powertrain Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Russia Powertrain Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Russia Powertrain Sales by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table Russia Powertrain Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table Russia Powertrain Sales by Application (2015 and 2016)

Table Russia Powertrain Market Share by Application (2015 and 2016)

Figure Italy Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure Italy Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure Italy Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

Table Italy Powertrain Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Italy Powertrain Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Italy Powertrain Sales by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table Italy Powertrain Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table Italy Powertrain Sales by Application (2015 and 2016)

Table Italy Powertrain Market Share by Application (2015 and 2016)

Figure Spain Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure Spain Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure Spain Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

Table Spain Powertrain Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Spain Powertrain Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Spain Powertrain Sales by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table Spain Powertrain Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table Spain Powertrain Sales by Application (2015 and 2016)

Table Spain Powertrain Market Share by Application (2015 and 2016)

Figure Benelux Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure Benelux Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2016)

Figure Benelux Powertrain Sales Price Trend (2011-2016)

Table Benelux Powertrain Sales by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Benelux Powertrain Market Share by Manufacturers (2015 and 2016)

Table Benelux Powertrain Sales by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table Benelux Powertrain Market Share by Type (2015 and 2016)

Table Benelux Powertrain Sales by Application (2015 and 2016)

Table Benelux Powertrain Market Share by Application (2015 and 2016)

Table Powertrain Basic Information List

Table Aisin Seiki Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Figure Aisin Seiki Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table ZF Friedrichshafen Basic Information List

Table ZF Friedrichshafen Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table ZF Friedrichshafen Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table GKN PLC Basic Information List

Table GKN PLC Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table GKN PLC Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Borgwarner Basic Information List

Table Borgwarner Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table Borgwarner Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table American Axle and Manufacturing Basic Information List

Table American Axle and Manufacturing Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table American Axle and Manufacturing Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Jtekt Corporation Basic Information List

Table Jtekt Corporation Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table Jtekt Corporation Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Volkswagen Basic Information List

Table Volkswagen Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table Volkswagen Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Toyota Motor Corporation Basic Information List

Table Toyota Motor Corporation Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table Toyota Motor Corporation Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table General Motors Basic Information List

Table General Motors Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table General Motors Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Ford Motor Basic Information List

Table Ford Motor Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table Ford Motor Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Hyundai Motor Basic Information List

Table Hyundai Motor Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table Hyundai Motor Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Continental Basic Information List

Table Continental Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table Continental Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Denso Basic Information List

Table Denso Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table Denso Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Magna Powertrain Basic Information List

Table Magna Powertrain Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table Magna Powertrain Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Federal Mogul Basic Information List

Table Federal Mogul Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table Federal Mogul Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table FPT Industrial Basic Information List

Table FPT Industrial Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table FPT Industrial Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Eldor Corporation Basic Information List

Table Eldor Corporation Powertrain Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016)

Table Eldor Corporation Powertrain Sales Market Share (2011-2016)

Table Production Base and Market Concentration Rate of Raw Material

Figure Price Trend of Key Raw Materials

Table Key Suppliers of Raw Materials

Figure Manufacturing Cost Structure of Powertrain

Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Powertrain

Figure Powertrain Industrial Chain Analysis

Table Raw Materials Sources of Powertrain Major Manufacturers in 2015

Table Major Buyers of Powertrain

Table Distributors/Traders List

Figure Germany Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure Germany Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure France Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure France Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure UK Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure UK Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure Russia Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure Russia Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure Italy Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure Italy Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure Spain Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure Spain Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure Benelux Powertrain Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Figure Benelux Powertrain Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2016-2021)

Table Europe Powertrain Sales Forecast by Type (2016-2021)

Table Europe Powertrain Sales Forecast by Application (2016-2021)

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